The 19th century saw the invention of white gold. At the time, manufacturers alloyed gold with palladium. It wasn’t commercially available until 1912, when it was issued as a patent in Pforzheim, Germany, subsequently gaining popularity as a more affordable alternative to platinum in the mid-1920s. Essentially, it was gold alloyed with copper, zinc and nickel.
Nowadays, a metal belonging to the platinum family often replaces nickel because it prevents skin allergies and other allergic reactions. Depending on the recipe, the alloy can possess various characteristics when it comes to ductility, malleability and hardness; in turn, different alloys can be used for different purposes.
If vintage and pre-owned watches are your passion, you may be pretty good at recognizing the real deal when it comes along. However, the growing problem on the market is the increasing number of fake vintage watches that look remarkably faithful to the original. So, while you are convinced the money you are about to give for an addition to your collection will be well-spent, you might be gravely mistaken.
In this article, a trusted vintage watches San Diego seller has laid out practical advice on how to rule out the fakes. The simplest way is to buy your pre-owned watch from Leo Hamel’s, since we guarantee its authenticity. But if you are considering buying a watch off the street or online, here are some tips for not getting ripped off.
If we were to describe the Fall/Winter 2016/2017 Fashion Week with a single word, it would definitely be audacious. Bold pinks and reds complemented the electro furs and statement jewelry in a mishmash of styles. From earrings to necklaces, chunky jewelry has returned with a bang.
On the one hand, there are the in-your-face pieces that signify boldness of character and fashion style. By contrast, elegant and refined pieces are gladly incorporated into casual outfits. We can only conclude that the touch of femininity is also very much in vogue these days, regardless of the fashion style.
This jewelry style was named for the four Kings named George who ruled England during this period. The designs are bold, ornate, and symmetrical. Bows and swags were popular motifs, and the techniques of chasing and repoussé were often used. Garnets, topaz, coral, and diamonds were fashionable, set in high karat yellow gold and silver settings. The diamonds in jewelry from this time were usually rose cut or table cut and often foil backed to give them more shine.
Victorian jewelry was named after Britain’s Queen Victoria, and includes different styles that were popular during her reign. Sentimental jewelry was in demand and many people had lockets, brooches or pendants made with human hair from loved ones. After Prince Albert died, Queen Victoria wanted to remain fashionable while in mourning and “mourning jewelry” was created using jet and other black materials. Neo-Classical designs based on archeological finds in Greece and Rome were also popular, as well as Egyptian and Assyrian themes. Other recurrent designs included crescent shapes, snakes, and cameos. The gemstones most commonly used in Victorian jewelry were diamonds, jet, garnets, amethyst, coral, turquoise, tortoise shell, and chalcedony, and were often set in silver and yellow gold. Diamonds were usually rose cuts or early brilliant cuts.
Art Nouveau is French for “new art.” This style was greatly influenced by the Japanese art that was being imported to Europe at the time. It is also seen as an artistic revolt against the mechanical themes and methods of manufacture that came out of the Industrial Revolution. Nouveau designs were more organic and asymmetrical. The jewelry incorporated sweeping and flowing lines with natural motifs such as flowers, insects, birds, and the female form. Diamonds were uncommon in this style and overshadowed by the use of colorful enamels and glass, and gemstones such as pearls, opals, amber, moonstone, tourmaline, amethyst, and chalcedony. Noted Art Nouveau designers were Rene Lalique, a glass designer renowned for his stunning creations of perfume bottles, vases, jewelry, chandeliers, clocks, and, in the latter part of his life, automobile hood ornaments, and Louis Comfort Tiffany, who designed stained glass windows and lamps (hence Tiffany lamps), glass mosaics, blown glass, ceramics, jewelry, enamels and metalwork.
This style of jewelry was named for England’s King Edward VII. During his reign, jewelry was flaunted as a statement of wealth. Edwardian jewelry was made using the finest gemstones and precious metals. Use of platinum in jewelry became widespread and was valued not just for its pure color,1 but for its strength as well. Platinum’s strength and durability allowed for more intricate designs and the use of delicate filigree. Edwardian jewelry is distinctive for its white-on-white look using fine platinum filigree set with top quality pearls and diamonds.
Art Deco design came into vogue after the end of WWI. The forms were bolder and geometric compared to the delicate Edwardian and flowing Art Nouveau styles that predated Art Deco. Strong, contrasting colors were achieved using richly hued gemstones such as diamonds, black onyx, lapis lazuli, rubies, emeralds, sapphires, jade, turquoise, and coral. Platinum was the most common metal used, but jewelry was also crafted from white gold. Designs were streamlined, linear, and geometric.
During WWII, gemstones and platinum were in short supply so gold and enamel became very popular. Different colors of gold such as rose and green were used along with yellow gold to enhance the design and make up for the lack of color from gemstones. Retro jewelry is characterized by flowers and bows, animal figures, and industrial-inspired designs. Gemstones that were lighter in color such as citrines, aquamarines, and amethysts as well as smaller diamonds, sapphires, and rubies were used sparingly as accents.
With several museums, theaters, gardens, sports facilities and a zoo, century-old Balboa Park is easily the most popular attraction in the city. The most well liked spaces; especially the Lily Pond and Lagoon adjacent to the Botanical Building are great spots to take a stroll with your loved one. Here you will find that numerous gardens offer intimate spots for a proposal.
Coronado offers a cozier small-town vibe, and it also has one of the best beaches in the world. Not only can you spend a night at the spectacular Hotel Del Coronado, you can end the evening by taking a Gondola ride through the canals and gently drift toward the sunset as you pop the question with champagne and chocolates discretely packed for after she says yes.
Torrey Pines State Beach
Known as a favorite amongst San Diegans, this summer sunset spot is a visually striking spot to pop the question. If you’re looking for more of an intimate proposal, be adventurous and go along the many paths it offers, but stay on the marked trail. The background to the proposal will include complimentary waves breaking on the rocks, the best amenity to an all-natural setting.
Bertrand at Mr. A’s
While San Diego is home to dozens of fine dining establishments with breathtaking ocean views, the rooftop terrace at Bertrand at Mr. A’s serves up exceptional French influenced American cuisine with a perspective overlooking the entire city. Be pampered with an extremely attentive staff and enticed with the finest cuisine. Toast to new beginnings during an inspiring San Diego sunset from their outdoor, wrap around balcony. Alerting the staff to add extra details can make a positive and lasting impression that you both will cherish and remember along with the magic of your proposal.
The 68th Primetime Emmy Awards aired on September 18, 2016 showcasing so many talented and famous celebrities along with their designer jewels! So many brilliant drop earrings and bright two-stone cluster rings were the center of attention amongst many celebrities including many more. We are here to show you a few of our favorite fashion trends revealed that evening and the similar items we have available for you!
Above we have Ariel Winter looking glamorous wearing Harry Kotlar jewels. To the right we have our new Hearts On Fire® Diamond Destiny Teardrop Halo ring.
Above we have Liev Schreiber wearing a sleek and classy Tiffany & Co. CT6 3-Hand 40 mm men’s watch in stainless steel with a white dial and black alligator strap. To the right we have a Ball Trainmaster Cleveland Night Express in stainless steel with a white dial and a black alligator strap.
The gorgeous Game of Thrones star Sophie Turner is seen wearing a Forevermark gold necklace. To the right we have a similar vintage gold 4.70 ctw diamond tennis necklace.
Kristen Bell walks down the red carpet wearing stunning set of Harry Winston diamond earrings. To the right we have a similar glistening set of Hearts On Fire® 2.25 ctw Diamond Aerial Double Petal Earrings.
Here we have Connie Britton smiling for the camera wearing an embellished set of Hearts On Fire® diamond bracelets. To match the ensemble, we have a ravishing 7.39 ctw diamond curb link bracelet.
Since its introduction in 1956, the inimitable Rolex watch has made an indelible impression in the watch world. After several decades of developments, Rolex perfected one of its most popular styles, the Day-Date, also known as “the President.” Recognized everywhere as the company’s most iconic and luxurious model, it conveys many traits that represent the nickname it was given. This well-known watch was recently made in three different versions. First the original 36mm size, the discontinued 41mm size and the latest, which is a 40mm size. All Day-Date watches are crafted in solid platinum or 18k white, yellow, or rose gold.
President Day-Date 36mm
A favorite amongst kings and presidents, celebrities, and Rolex enthusiasts, the Day-Date is famous for being the first wristwatch that displayed the day of the week written in full, along with the date and time. That this timeless treasure is still in production today is a testament to its worldly appeal, and makes it the perfect piece for one that truly appreciates traditional values.
President Day-Date II 41mm
Rolex made a larger version called the Day-Date II, launched in 2008. Sized at 41mm, it provides a lavishly bold frame with increased resistance to abrasive shock and magnetic fields. This now-discontinued version is still recognized as a popular choice amongst Rolex aficionados, and pre-owned versions are available at our store.
President Day-Date 40mm
With a redesigned case at 40mm, the 2015 version of the Day-Date features more renovations and its fine details make this Rolex watch shine. The newest Rolex Day-Date is also equipped with the Swiss watchmaker’s latest mechanical automatic movement. This ultimate version provides incredible qualities to admire and reliability to last a lifetime.
Each version of the Rolex Day-Date comprises impressive features to satisfy even the most serious of collectors. Come to Leo Hamel Fine Jewelers to view our constantly updated selection of pre-owned Rolex watches, and treat yourself to a luxurious piece to add to your collection.
This summer dare to wear all the latest trends that are sweeping over the fashion world! There are new trends and old trends to explore this year and many are making a comeback in unique stylish ways! We are excited to offer you a profuse amount of choices and at Leo Hamel Fine Jewelers; we will always have the perfect accessory to add to your collection!
Statement pieces with a tribal feel bring back that raw contrast from extravagant earrings to intricate necklaces and bracelets.
Artistic graphic earrings are hot this summer as we bring back the 1960’s. From large oversized hoops to dramatic designs, this season brings a fun and flirty return.
The unforgettable pearl is a timeless and elegant piece that will forever remain as an eternal fashion statement and shows up yet again in many glamorous necklaces, rings, and earrings.
Modifying the classic brooch into a new contemporary piece of jewelry has created itself as an accent piece to any outfit.
In its most raw form, gems have made itself as a stand-out accessory as each piece focuses solely on the beauty of the stone.
Layering pieces have been another go to fashion from stacking bangles to layering thin rings and necklaces, though these items are tiny in size, they do make just as much of an impact as any other pieces.
This year Father’s Day falls on June 19, 2016 which happens to be right around the corner! What do you plan on giving dad this year? Show some appreciation for dad and surprise him with something special. Here are some great gift ideas!
Come visit our site for a full overview of all the items we have to offer!
As you may know, diamonds come from mines deep underground; but not everyone realizes the steps and processes each individual stone must go through to make it into a finished piece of jewelry. We are going to explore those processes that take the diamond from a rough, unattractive chunk of stone to a glistening gem that is marveled at by all.
Diamonds are naturally formed in the shape of an octahedron, or eight-sided crystal and are made solely of the element carbon. A mixture of excessive pressure and high temperature formed the diamond billions of years ago deep underground and it was subsequently brought closer to the earth’s surface by volcanic eruptions that occurred eons ago. A “flawless” diamond had a chemical makeup of only carbon. Impurities in the chemical composition are responsible for giving most diamonds their color. Nitrogen is the most common impurity and is the cause of yellow or brown color found in the stone, whereas the presence of the element boron will make a diamond blue. Pink diamonds do not attain their hue due to impurities, but rather, it is a structural defect in the crystalline makeup of the diamond that reacts with light and produces those shades. Green diamonds are formed by neither of these; they are colored green through a type of natural radiation within the earth. They are very rare and usually just faintly colored green. The most valuable diamonds are either completely colorless or vivid shades of yellow, pink, or blue. Most diamonds have some amount of color in them, usually a tint of yellow or brown.
Diamonds are primarily mined in Africa, although some smaller caches have been found in Russia, India and North America. When they are mined they go through several sorting procedures to organize them by size. They are then examined by experts to determine whether they are classified as “gem quality” or “industrial quality”. Being that diamond is the hardest natural material known to humankind, industrial quality diamonds are used in applications such as the manufacturing of diamond bit drill parts, abrasives, and saws. Gem quality stones are sold to cutters, primarily located in India, Belgium, Israel, New York, London and Amsterdam where they begin the next step in the transition.
When a stone begins its journey to be a cut gem, it must first go to a “planner,” who carefully studies the natural shape of the rough stone and any inclusions, or flaws, that it may contain, in order to determine the best cut to maximize beauty and profit. Once that person has concluded the analysis, it is onward to the cutting process, where the diamond gets its preliminary shape, and then it’s off to be polished and faceted. The cutting and polishing process is a tedious one, and due to the hard nature of the diamond, it must be polished with diamond abrasives. The polishers will then facet the stone according to proportions, traditional shapes, and practiced methods, taking into consideration any imperfections that remain. Proper faceting techniques maximize the way light travels inside the diamond, producing the sparkle and beauty that we value in a diamond. Once the stone has its shape, facets and polish, it is ready to wholesale to a jeweler who will then set it into a beautiful piece of jewelry.
Before a diamond is set into jewelry it will oftentimes be sent to a grading laboratory, such as the Gemological Institute of America, for a grading certificate. Once there, a professional Gemologist will evaluate all aspects of the finished stone and provide its owner with a report of his or her findings in relation to that stone. It will always include the cut, carat weight, color and clarity. It also provides the proportions and features of each stone, including a plotted map of inclusions present or laser inscriptions, if any. These reports are frequently utilized by anyone trying to market the stone, or for a consumer who wishes additional assurances about their purchase.
When a graded stone is purchased by a jeweler, he or she must determine how to set the stone. Drawings are rendered, measurements and proportions are taken and metals are melted for production. Whether the setting that is chosen is cast or hand-forged, there is still much work that must be done before the project will reach completion. After the jeweler has the basic setting intact and all of the metal has been polished, it is time to set the stone. The jeweler will again measure and drill out a “seat” for the stone to rest in, then carefully bend the prongs over to secure it in place. A final polish and re-check will complete the diamond’s journey from a piece of rough stone from the mine to its new appearance as a finely cut and polished jewel to be enjoyed in all its beauty for years to come.